The 'social control' theory sees crime as a result of social institutions losing control over individuals weak institutions such as certain types of families, the breakdown of local communities, and the breakdown of trust in the government and the police are all linked to higher crime rates. Deviant behavior is any behavior that is contrary to the dominant norms of society there are many different theories that explain how behavior comes to be classified as deviant and why people engage in it, including biological explanations, psychological explanations, and sociological explanations. Deviance is defined as the recognized violation of cultural norms learn more about the definition and some of the major theories attached to deviance and test your knowledge with a quiz. Strain theory is a sociology and criminology theory developed in 1938 by robert k merton the theory states that society puts pressure on individuals to achieve socially accepted goals (such as the american dream), though they lack the means.
The theory is also sociological in its emphasis on the role of social forces in creating deviance on the negative side, anomie theory has been criticized for its generality critics note the theory's lack of statements concerning the process of learning deviance, including the internal motivators for deviance. A sociology essay prompt: discuss how robert merton's strain theory fits into the functionalist theory of deviance and crime critically evaluate strain theory and the functionalist theory of deviance and crime from the perspective of conflict, feminist and symbolic interactionist theories. Despite the criticisms and limitations of the sociology of deviance, the theories still remain as an extremely useful tool in analysing the criminal justice system with so many conflicting sociological views, it is impossible to contemplate a theory, which is truly universal.
Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance essay theories of deviance are limited in their ability to explain deviant acts if one adopts the view that these theories are universal there is no universal, right or wrong theory , rather each theory provides a different perspective which only fully makes sense when set within an appropriate. In conclusion subcultural theories explain deviance in two ways, through status frustration and through three diverse subcultures even if both do explain what merton and other theorists cannot about the wc in official statistics the limitations far outweigh the strengths. Deviance regulation theory links actions and identities to explain and predict adherence to, and deviance from, normative action based on identity pursuit this is a somewhat narrow scope because application is limited to situations where identity concerns are predominant. Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance marten's anomie of strain theory hypothesis that deviant behavior is the result of a disjunction between culturally defined goals to which most members of society aspire, and.
Particular sociological theory of deviance students can seek an additional historical example of deviance, gather photos of the event, and record narration that explains the deviance in terms of sociological. Sociological theories of deviance are those that use social context and social pressures to explain deviance crime : the study of social deviance is the study of the violation of cultural norms in either formal or informal contexts. Related discussions on the student room labelling theory question crime and deviance 20 marks » sociology a2 online study group » ocr a2 sociology g673 - crime and deviance . The functionalist theories share a common structural explanation of causes of deviance they assume that conformity in society is achieved through the existence of norms and values shared by the general consensus and that a high level of social integration is required for society to function successfully.
Labeling theory posits that people come to identify and behave in ways that reflect how others label them it is most commonly associated with the sociology of crime and deviance, where it is used to point out how social processes of labeling and treating someone as criminally deviant actually. Two of the most prominent sociological theories of deviance are emile durkheim's deviance theory - that deviance is a natural and necessary part of society - and robert merton's strain theory. Merton's anomie of strain theory hypothesises that deviant behavior is the consequence of a disjunction between culturally defined ends to which most members of society aspire and legitimate agencies for accomplishing the goals. What, exactly, is deviance and what is the relationship between deviance and crime according to sociologist william graham sumner, deviance is a violation of established contextual, cultural, or social norms, whether folkways, mores, or codified law (1906.
The two theories chosen to compare are functionalist theory and conflict theory functionalist theory is a macro sociological theory that is based on the characteristics of social patterns, structures, social systems and institutions such as family, education, religion, leisure, the economy, media, politics and sport. As victor pointed out, conflict theory (like most social theories) is strongest at the group level of analysis and weaker at the individual level. Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance 2475 words | 10 pages theories of deviance are limited in their ability to explain deviant acts if one adopts the view that these theories are universal.
What function does deviance play in society this is a question asked by sociologists subscribing to the school of structural functionalism structural functionalism has its roots in the very origins of sociological thought and the development of sociology as a discipline. The sociological theories we discuss point to certain aspects of the social environment, broadly defined, that contribute to deviance and crime and that should be the focus of efforts to reduce these behaviors.